Did you Know #DYK: EIA Processes Explained

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Ultimately when I was chosen for this topic, my first thought when hearing “Environmental Impact Assessments” (EIA’s) was little butterflies, tree huggers and strange frogs of which there are only 2 left. But there most certainly is a lot more to it!


First things first… what exactly is an EIA? Very simple really, thanks to my bestie, Google: “Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.”



Still not sure? Let’s get to it then!


EIA in South Africa all started back in the ’70’s. It started out voluntarily until 1997 when the government passed EIA regulations under the old Environmental Conservation Act (Act 73 of 1989). Activities, such as projects, policies, programmes and plans, which have a significant effect on the environment must be investigated and assessed, to bring any valuable concerns to light. This does not, however, mean that the project won’t move forward, the EIA test is to gain clarity so that developers/clients are made aware of any impacts the project will have on the environment or culture upon completion.


There are two levels of assessment, namely: a Basic Assessment process and a full EIA. The full EIA process entails the following steps:

1. Screening
2. Scoping
3. Assessment study
4. Review
5. Decision-making
6. Follow-up


The length of the EIA will depend on the project under review. The process usually lasts between 6 and 18 months, approximately the same length as the feasibility study. Now, let’s have a look at each step individually and what each step of the process entails.



This process is completed by the relevant authority at national, provincial or local level. As previously mentioned, there are two levels of assessment. Basic assessments are done to streamline the EIA so that smaller projects/activities (ie. road widening, construction of dams below 5m in height etc) are not subjected to a full EIA. These assessments, therefore, do not include a scoping phase. An Environmental Assessment Practitioner (EAP) is required to determine whether a basic assessment or full EIA is required. The EAP will consult with the public, designated competent authority and relevant stakeholders. The input by the stakeholders is required before submitting the screening report for screening decisions by the DEA. A full EIA is needed for projects that will have an effect on a national protected area. In these instances, the Minister is designated as the competent authority. The estimated time frame for the screening process is 30 days.



Scoping is the process of identifying the key environmental issues and is the most important step within an EIA report. Scoping is important for two reasons: a.) so problems can be pinpointed early allowing mitigating design changes to be made and b.) to ensure that detailed prediction work is only carried out for important issues. Scoping is only required for projects that undergo a full EIA. An approved EAP may be appointed at this stage. After the application is submitted, the proponent must:

  1. Conduct the public participation process;
  2. Give notice in writing of proposed application to any state agency with jurisdiction over the proposed activity;
  3. Open and maintain a register for public participation;
  4. Consider all objections and representations received from interested and affected parties;
  5. Identify relevant issues, potential environmental impacts, alternatives of the project activity;
  6. Prepare a scoping report which must be reviewed and commented on by all concerned parties;
  7. Give interested and affected parties an opportunity to comment on the scoping report;
  8. Submit the scoping report to the competent authority for review and decision-making.

Once all documents are submitted, the competent authority makes the decision on whether the report has been approved, rejected, or if amendments should be made. Scoping is done to identify key interest groups, both government and non-governmental. Individuals who are affected by the project need to hear about it as soon as possible. The estimated time frame for the scoping process is 30 days.


Assessment and reporting:

Once the scoping report has been accepted, the EAP will begin with the approved plan of study for the EIA. The applicant or EAP may appoint an expert to carry out a special study or a specialised process. The contents of an EIA report include the details of the appointed EAP, the description and location of the project, a description of the environment that may be affected, details of the public participation process, description of the needs of the project, description of the potential alternatives to the project and their analysis along with the indication of the adopted methodology, a summary of the findings and recommendations of any specialist report, all environmental issues identified with significant impacts, assumptions, uncertainties and gaps in knowledge. Reasoning as to whether the project should or should not be authorised, a draft EMP and copies of any specialist reports and any specific information that may be required by the competent authority. For projects that require a Basic Assessment, a Basic Assessment Report (BAR) is required.



The competent authority and other relevant authorities are responsible for the review, they can either accept the EIA report or refer it for specialised review by a team for their comments, this is usually the case where technical knowledge or a high level of objectivity is required. The time frame for the reviewing report is 60 days. For a Basic Assessment Report, the competent authority has 30 days to accept, reject, suggest alternatives, or to subject the report to a full EIA.



After the EIA report is approved, a decision is taken on whether an environmental authorisation is granted for the activity. This is required before any activities can begin by the developer. The granting of an environmental authorization does not necessarily lead to project approval. Other licences separate from the one issued by DEA have to be received from other relevant authorities before proposed project activities can commence. The competent authority taking the decision on whether the environmental authorisation is granted or not can be the Minister of Environmental Affairs, Members of the Executive Council (MEC), the Minister of Mineral Resources for mining related activities, the provincial, or local environmental authorities with delegated powers. All decisions need to be made public. The competent authority must grant or refuse the environmental authorisation within 45 days. For Basic Assessments, the decision will be taken within 30 days from the approval of the BAR.


Monitoring, Compliance and Enforcement:


Compliance monitoring
Monitoring is a mandatory requirement. The applicant is required to submit an Environmental Management Plan as part of the EIA study report. This should include the requirements for the management, monitoring and reporting of the impacts of the project on the environment throughout the life cycle of the project.




Non-compliance penalties
The competent authority may suspend an Environmental Authorisation for several reasons, i.e. if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the contravention or non-compliance with a condition of the authorisation causes harm to the environment, or if it is necessary to prevent such harm. Furthermore, a person is guilty of an offence if that person provides misleading or incorrect information, fails to disclose information to the competent authority, fails to comply with a request to submit an environmental audit report, fails to comply with any conditions granted in an authorised exemption and continues with a project for which an Environmental Authorisation was suspended. The punishment for the offence could be imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year or to a fine prescribed not exceeding R1 million, or (and this is the scary part) to both a fine AND imprisonment.




Public participation:

Public participation is required for projects that require only a basic assessment and projects that require a full EIA. However, there are no provisions for public participation during the decision phase and during monitoring of EIA activities. The public is given an opportunity to comment on reports and statements. The public is also informed about decisions and their reasoning.


Legal recourse:

A person who wishes to appeal against a decision must submit a notice of intention with the Minister in charge of the environment, the MEC or a delegated organ of state to the appeal authority. An appeal panel can be appointed to support the processing of the appeal. Recommendations are submitted to the competent authority in writing. The relevant authorities can then make a decision to the appeal.

In conclusion, Environmental Impact Assessments cannot give a precise picture of the future, much like we as South Africans don’t have an exact idea of where these “interesting” changes will take us. Environmental Impact Assessments enable uncertainty to be managed and to assist in correct decision making within the project process. A useful management general truth is to preserve flexibility in the face of uncertainty.


Sources: http://www.fao.org/docrep/V8350E/v8350e06.htm



About Elaine Cockcroft

I started working at Leads 2 Business in January 2016 and form part of the sales team as Account Executive based in Gauteng.

Did you Know #DYK: The start of the go green movement

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What is the Green Movement and what is its origin?

To understand the green movement of today first we need to look back to see how it all started.

One of the key pieces of literature that captured peoples attention was the 1962 publication Silent Spring by Rachel Carson but the movement’s origin can be traced back even further to Henry David Thoreau and Teddy Roosevelt. In fact, elements of the go green movement can be traced back throughout a large part of human history even if it wasn’t named as such.


Environmentalism today can be defined as:

“Environmentalists advocate the sustainable management of resources and stewardship of the environment through changes in public policy and individual behaviour. In its recognition of humanity as a participant in (not enemy of) ecosystems, the movement is centred on ecology, health, and human rights.”


The Modern Green Movement

Teddy Roosevelt was a major supporter of environmentalism and helped to bring national parks and wildlife conservation to the forefront of the public’s consciousness however when world war 2 started it faded into the background and took many years to resurface. After tragedies like the Donora Fluoride Fog and the Cuyahoga River catching on fire people started taking notice of the dangers that were posed by ignoring our environment.

The Donora Fluoride Fog or the Donora Death Fog killed 20 people and left hundreds injured or dying and was caused by the fumes of a nearby smelting plant which covered the town for 4 days in a toxic fog. The Cuyahoga River was covered in oil and chemicals and caught fire, the flames reached up to five stories high.

Most recently Al Gore’s film, An Inconvenient Truth, highlighted the problems we still face today from chemically treated food to contaminated water and serves as a reminder that we still have a long way to go if we want to conserve our environment for future generations.



About Barry West

I am a software developer.

Did you Know #DYK: SA’s first solar airport in Africa

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South Africa has a “green” airport! One where all their services: the check in desks, the baggage carousels, restaurants, ATMs and even the Control Tower are run from the electricity generated from solar panels…


Who knew! We actually have three, part of a six airport plan expected to be up and running by mid-2017.


This is a massive step forward as a country, and from one our ‘state owned’ enterprises, toward reaching our government’s sustainable development imperatives, increasing our energy security and environmental conservation obligations.


In a politically, let’s call it – interesting – time, this is one good and worthwhile campaign that has stayed the course. As the state owned enterprise responsible for the movement toward a more environmentally friendly conscious country, ACSA, battles on in court, the project for the solar overhaul of 6 regional airports is underway with at least 3 airports already completed. Not bad considering they started the project in September 2015…


The large corporation, and beacon of hope for South Africa’s plans to reduce our own carbon footprint, giant enterprise, ACSA – the Airports Company South Africa, an environmentally conscious company, believes that by decreasing their dependence on the national power grid, they will begin to fulfill their role by increasing energy security (electricity sustainability) and the diversification of the energy matrix (fancy way of saying, using different types of electricity together) as their key priority to ensure sustainability of business activities, says the GM for Regional Airports at ACSA.


ACSA has dedicated a project worth R90 million over the period of two years for the completion of 6 regional solar powered airports to ensure they fulfil their obligation as a large enterprise to continue to grow and support the movement toward finding and using different more environmentally friendly solutions to source electricity to keep our country running.


This admirable and much needed progressive step toward not only our own but our entire planet’s sustainability is a shining example of South Africa’s commitment toward going green…


The unveiling of the first “Green Airport is Africa took place in George on the 16 May 2016.

Image Source


Speaking at the opening ceremony at George Airport, Skhumbuzo Macozoma, Chairman of ACSA, said: “As an airports management company running nine airports nationally, part of our strategic objective is to minimise our environmental impact.” He said the company was looking into ways to reduce energy consumption, water consumption and noise levels as well as find ways to use energy-efficient materials.


South Africa with its broad open spaces and African sun has proved to have the potential for generating renewable energy and government plans to generate nearly half of the country’s power needs by 2030.


This is the R16 million, 3 000-panel solar plant at George Airport in the Western Cape. One look at the use, natures free gift to us and of previously unusable land due to noise constraints and one starts to recognise that opportunities truly exist under our beautiful African sun.


In this tiny town of George with 150 000 people in the Western Cape, the weather is so unpredictable, one would never think to find Africa’s first Solar Powered Airport. Surely not, when we consider that South Africa has rolling acres of sun-baked land in other provinces, and George is anything but!


This small airport, with its bustling tourist industry and acting as a transit hub for shipments of oysters and flowers, sees an average of 700 000 people through its doors each year, has proven to be an excellent test site for the airport solar roll out plan.


The unpredictability of the weather played an especially large role. ACSA, wanting to ensure the energy matrix solution would work for all six regions, made the decision to first try it in George, as the weather conditions were far more extreme in George than other parts of South Africa. The probability of the success of the nationwide project increased exponentially if the idea was a success there, which of course, it has been.


Ultimately solar power plants like this one will reduce the load on the constrained on the power grid. This 75KW plant will eventually see George Airport going off the power grid completely.
It already supplies 41% of the airport’s electricity needs.


Here are some facts about our very own and Africa’s very own, first solar powered airport, George Airport.

  • This is the second Solar Powered Airport in the world. The first being Cochin in South India
  • There are 3 000 panels located on the roofs of the airport building and on 0.7ha of land adjacent to the airport.
  • The airport produces 750KW per day. Only 400KW per day is needed.
  • In September 2016, the excess energy was fed back into the grid and powered 274 households.
  • As of October 2016, George Airport lowered their carbon emissions by 1 229 tonnes!
  • The energy efficient solution costs a mere R250K per year in maintenance, with an average savings of R65K per month.
  • The solar batteries used in the panels last 25 years.
  • The R16 million spent on the airport will be recovered in 10-15 years, leaving the remaining 10 years of profit.
  • The plan has also created jobs both in the temp and permanent fields boosting the local economy.
  • Since its implementation, load shedding cuts have become a thing of the past.


With all of these benefits, “going green” seems to be an obvious choice. With the planet’s climate change predictions slowly gaining respect around the world, it is a matter of time before we see landscapes like this…

Image Source



Did you Know #DYK: DWAF

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Departement van Waterwese en Bosbou

Ons lewe in ‘n tydperk van globalisasie en waar kwaliteit tyd nie meer bestaan nie. Waar is die dae toe ons nog die prag van die natuur om ons waargeneem het?

As jy vassit in die verkeer, sien jy nog die wonderwerke van ons Skepper om ons raak? My antwoord is onwillekeurig nee. Ons lê op ons toeters vir die stadige trok voor ons om na die linkerbaan toe te beweeg, sodat ons kan verbysteek en jaag na ons volgende afspraak. Ons kla so graag as die wonderlike reëndruppels begin val want net gister is my motor gewas. En dan aan die anderkant, watter ongelooflike gevoel om kaalvoet in die reën te dans. Die bekoring van nuwe lewe, geure en kleure na die eerste reënval is diep in my geheue vasgeprent. As jong dogtertjie sal ek nooit die ritme van reëndruppels op die grondpad vergeet nie, daarvan dan my bynaam ”Kaalvoetklonkie”


Soos die koms van elke nuwe seisoen, met nuwe groei en verwagtinge besef ek weereens watter groot rol die Departement van Waterwese en Bosbou beter bekend as DWAF speel.


DWAF is die bewaarder van Suid-Afrika se water en bosbouhulpbronne. Dit is hoofsaaklik verantwoordelik vir die formulering en implementering van beleid wat hierdie twee sektore beheer. Dit het ook die verantwoordelikheid vir waterdienste wat deur die plaaslike regering verskaf word. Terwyl hulle strewe om te verseker dat alle Suid-Afrikaners toegang tot skoon water en veilige sanitasie verkry, ontwikkel die watersektor ook effektiewe en doeltreffende waterhulpbronbestuur om ekonomiese en sosiale ontwikkeling te verseker. Die bosbouprogram handhaaf ook die bestuur van die land se natuurlike bosbronne en kommersiële bosbou vir die blywende voordeel van die land.


DWAF het talle projekte / programme en Tenders gelys wat waardevol vir ons kliënte kan wees.


Hier is slegs ‘n paar Projekte wat op hul webwerf genoem is, naamlik:

+ Groot Letaba Water Development Project
+ Groundwater
+ Hydrology (Data, Dams, Floods and Flows)
+ Integrated Water Planning Portal – Strategy Portal
+ Integrated Water Resource Planning
+ Integrated Water Quality Management Plan (IWQMP) For The Olifants River System
+ Integrated Water Quality Management Strategy
+ Lusikisiki Regional Water Supply Scheme
+ Mokolo and Crocodile River (West): Water Augmentation Project (MCWAP)
+ Mzimvubu Water Project



Ons weet beide water en bosbou speel ‘n groot rol in ons lewens. Indien nie die grootste nie. Ons neem dikwels ons pragtige land as vanselfsprekend en daarom moet ons ook die verantwoordelikheid neem om water te bespaar en na ons bosbou te kyk.
Ek kan boeke en verhale skryf oor die onderwerp, maar gaan net so vlugtig ‘n paar goedjies noem. Ek sal ‘n bietjie van alles skryf, so jy sal beslis iets interessants vind om te lees.


Lekker “het jy geweet” feite?

  • Het jy geweet as jy 5 minute stort, in plaas van bad, sal slegs sowat ‘n derde van die water gebruik word. Dit kan in ‘n week tot 400 liter water bespaar.
  • As jy verkies om te bad eerder as om te stort, moenie die bad op die rand vul nie. ‘n Bad gebruik tussen 80 en 150 liter water per bad.
  • Het jy geweet Internasionale Bosdag val presies dieselfde dag as Menseregtedag in Suid-Afrika, dus word dit meestal geïgnoreer.


Fassinerende Gesondheid feite oor water:

  • Slegs 1,1% van die water op aarde is geskik om te drink soos dit is.
  • Ons liggame bestaan uit 55 – 75% water.
  • Depressie en moegheid kan dikwels die simptome van dehidrasie wees.
  • Dit is gesond om water met etes te drink, aangesien dit die verteringsproses bevorder
  • Die beste manier om ontslae te raak van waterretensie is om baie water te drink. Water retensie kan ‘n teken van dehidrasie wees.
  • Water laat die liggaam toe om vette meer doeltreffend te metaboliseer.
  • Goeie water inname verhoed dat die vel sak.
  • Water is die hoofvoedsel wat die liggaam benodig.
  • Die dorsrefleks kom slegs voor wanneer ons liggame reeds gedehidrier is.
  • Kinders dehidreer vinniger as volwassenes, ‘n opname het getoon dat 65% van die skoolkinders te min water drink.
  • ‘n 2% vermindering van die water vlakke in die liggaam kan lei tot ‘n 20% afname in geestelike en fisiese prestasie.
  • Dehidrasie kan kontraksies in swanger vroue veroorsaak.


Vyf feite rakende die bosboubedryf

  • Natuurlike woude dek ‘n derde van alle grond op aarde. Soos ons weet, absorbeer bome koolstofdioksied en gee suurstof vry, wat die absolute noodsaaklikheid van ons voortbestaan maak.
  • Plaaslik is slegs 0,4% van ons landmassa gedek deur natuurlike woud. Dit is net 500 000 ha, ondersteun deur 39 miljoen hektaar wat deur savanne stelsels gedek word.
  • Daar is drie hooftipes bome wat op Suid-Afrikaanse plantasies groei. Hulle is dennehout (44%), Eucalyptus (44%) en Wattle (12%).
  • Die Suid-Afrikaanse bosboubedryf het 158 000 mense in diens en is verantwoordelik vir 11% van die land se landbou-BBP en 5% van die BBP.
  • Daar is sowat 26 000 houtkwekers in Suid-Afrika. Dit sluit in die groot multinasionale korporasies, die regering en duisende kleinskaalse maatskappye.


Laaste maar nie die minste nie….

Dit is goed om ons self ‘n bietjie meer wys te maak op ons reënvalle en damwatervlakke. Ons sien dikwels dat iemand iets oor hul watervlakke op Facebook plaas.
Wel, ek gaan jou ‘n paar interessante grafieke van ons Provinsiale Reënval asook ons Dam vlakke wys. Spesiaal vir die ernstige hengelaars daar buite. Ken jou watervlakke!














Noord Wes:






Provinsiale Dam en Rivier watervlakke
Data laas opgedateer
Volle kapasiteit in miljoen kubieke meter

Wes – Kaap

Noord – Kaap

Oos – Kaap
= 1832.4

= 15968.0

Noord Wes
= 15968.0

= 2538.8

= 1522.3

Kwazulu- Natal


Onthou, elke druppel water tel, en dink voor jy op ‘n stukkie papier ink!



Projekte / Programme


Water Feite


Rainfall pictures

Dam levels

About Christine Brooks

I started working for Leads 2 Business in June 2015 as an Account Executive until present. Looking after new and existing clients making sure we meet their requirements.

Did you Know #DYK: What is a PPP

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During the initial nerves and stress of finding out that I had to write a blog, I was asking myself WHAT IS A PPP anyway? How am I going to write about this, when I don’t even know what PPP stands for!? Don’t fear, once I pulled myself towards myself and looked at it with a stress-free and nerve free mindset it hit me! Public Private Partnership, PPP stands for Public Private Partnership aka P3 or 3P 😉 so here goes:


A Public Private Partnership (PPP, P3, 3P) as defined in South African law is a contract between a government institution and a private company, in which the private company bears significant risk and management responsibility, and payment is linked to performance.


The main objective of PPP’s all over the world is to ensure the delivery of well maintained, cost-effective public infrastructure or services, by leveraging private sector expertise and transferring risk to the private sector.


In traditional procurement of public services or infrastructure, the government pays for capital and operating costs and carries the risks associated with cost overruns and late delivery etc. While the expertise and experience of a private company may be procured for the design and construction of infrastructure, once the asset is delivered the private company is paid and then leaves. The public sector is then responsible for staffing, maintenance and operation.


In a PPP procurement, the public sector buys a full set of services, including infrastructure and other services, from the private sector. It pays for these over the term of the PPP agreement, based on successful delivery. The private sector usually puts its own capital at risk, funding its investment in the project with debt and shareholder equity. Because of the financial risk the private sector takes, it is motivated to provide a high level of service, as good returns on equity will depend on the quality of services it delivers. The public sector is then responsible for operation once the project is complete.

PPP’s are on the rise as it has been found that there is an increasing number of countries that are enshrining a definition of PPP’s in their laws, each tailoring the definition to their institutional and legal particularities.


Characteristics of PPPs

  • A PPP is a clearly defined project, where the procuring institution carefully defines its objectives.
  • The contractual relationship spans a set length of time, which may range from 5 to 30 years.
  • The private party plays a key role at each stage of the project: funding, development, design, completion and implementation.
  • The funding structures of a PPP sometimes combine public and private funds.
  • Payment arrangements in PPPs are based on outputs, related to the provision of services and/or infrastructure and services.
  • PPPs are not a way of avoiding payment for capital projects. They allow the procuring institution to spread payments for large projects over the project’s lifetime.
  • Direct user charges, like road tolls or water fees, may also contribute to a project’s revenue.
  • Risks are allocated to the party most able to carry them.
  • Fixed and operational assets are adequately maintained over the project’s lifetime.



There is no one widely accepted definition of public-private partnerships (PPP) however the above covers what they are basically all about.


On our Leads 2 Business website we have Public Private Partnerships projects listed, below is 2 examples of many:

South Africa:

Tourist Development – Ebizweni Development, Algoa Bay

PPA 4315 – Embizweni Development, Algoa Bay – Infrastructure
PPA 4316 – Embizweni Development, Algoa Bay – Offices
PPA 4317 – Embizweni Development, Algoa Bay – Residential
PPA 4318 – Embizweni Development, Algoa Bay – Hospitality & Leisure

Roma Valley Development, Lesotho

PPA 17450 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Student Hostel
PPA 17451 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Student Centre
PPA 17452 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Computer Centre
PPA 17453 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Shopping Centre
PPA 17454 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Wellness Centre
PPA 17455 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Infrastructure
PPA 17456 – Roma Valley Development, Lesotho – Business School


If you’d like to know more about the current or upcoming projects on our database please feel free to contact me on +27(0)33 343 1130 or SallyN@l2b.co.za.

About Sally Nell

I joined Leads 2 Business in November 2011. I started in the Daily Tenders department and later moved to the Directory Department in May 2014.

Did you Know #DYK: Interesting facts about research in South Africa

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What is the most played song in history? Mmmh …. maybe that’s too easy after the recent Justin Bieber’s “Despacito” barrage. Ok, let’s make it a bit more difficult: how many Olympic medals did Husain Bolt win in his illustrious career?
Not so easy now, is it?

Hang on, before you grab your mobile phone to Google the answer… What if I took you back in time to 1980 and asked you similar questions? Seems like an impossible task now doesn’t it?

Encyclopedia! I hear someone shout out loud. Yes, you might get lucky, if you had the most recent volume, but ultimately you can only cram so much into them! Another option might be going to your local library to look through hordes of newspaper archives … I can already see the look of disbelief on the faces of the millennials.

The reality is that nowadays we have ALL the answers a mere click (or a finger scroll) away using a myriad of search engines available to anyone with a device connected to the internet. The downside of this is that we are now flooded with information, we have to sift through masses of data to distinguish true facts from fake. Material is mostly sourced from journalists, the man on the street (often using their mobile devices) and research companies.

Research institutes use scientific methods to make sure that the study is done in a controlled way to ensure the results are as unbiased as possible.

This allows other researchers an opportunity to evaluate the process and ideally uncover facts that can be used to help people or the world in some way.

We have a thriving community of people in South Africa who afford us factual information, including Leads 2 Business who comprehensively research and provide our subscribers with tender notices, awards and privately funded projects.


For your interest, I have listed the 31 research institutes in South Africa below:

African Centre for Gene Technologies
African Institute for Mathematical Sciences
Astronomical Society of Southern Africa
Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research
Centre for Conflict Resolution
Centre in Water and Research Development (CiWaRD)
Computer Society of Southern Africa
Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
Economic History Society of Southern Africa
Economic Society of South Africa
Economics Research South Africa
Engineering Council of South Africa
Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute
Geological Society of South Africa
Human Sciences Research Council (South Africa)
Industrial and Mining Water Research Unit
Institute for Futures Research
Institute for Justice and Reconciliation
Investment Analysts Society of Southern Africa
KwaZulu-Natal Research Institute for TB-HIV (K-RITH)
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
National Health Laboratory Service
National Research Foundation of South Africa
South African AIDS Vaccine Initiative
South African Council for the Architectural Profession
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
South African Institute of Chartered Accountants
South African Institute of Town and Regional Planners
South African Marine Predator Lab
South African National Bioinformatics Institute
Technology Innovation Agency

Next time you click on that Google button realise how much has gone into making it all possible for you!




About Brandon Le Roux

I joined Leads 2 Business in February 2005 as an Account Executive. I was promoted to Sales Manager in February 2007, and to Sales Director in November 2012. I manage the Sales, Telesales & Retention teams nationwide. I’m passionate about our company & staff, as well as the great opportunities we bring to our subscribers.

How to make the most of our Tenders?

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The Inside Scoop:

Ssssshhh, don't tell the boss! I wanted to share some insider secrets with you. A brief look behind the scenes and into the research "engine room" of our company. I am hoping that you can use this information to your advantage. (wink, wink, nudge, nudge)

As you know, Leads 2 Business is keenly focussed on smarter ways to do and create business opportunities.This approach is not just about the information we deliver to you, but an integral part of our business ethos. Each month we capture literally thousands of tenders, yes, you read it correctly, THOUSANDS!

With this much tender information being pumped out on a daily basis, we have to find a smart and effective way to prioritise researching the subsequent tender awards.

How do we know?

Every Tender we send to you has an option to be monitored.
Monitoring a lead allows you to follow it through its life cycle
or assign it for follow-up within your team.

What is not so apparent is that we, in turn, use this monitoring
information as an indicator that this tender is important, creating
a priority flag back to the research team for follow-up.

It then becomes very important for you to monitor a tender!

How to Monitor a Tender

Monitoring a Tender can be done from selecting a recipient from the drop down box "Assigned to" on the tender. Alternately, it can be done in bulk from the search results page first selecting which tenders you want to monitor, followed by "Actions", "Monitor selection". It will then present the same list of recipients as is available from the individual tender view pages.

Ways to get our attention

In the event you have not monitored a tender but still need the award information and the tender is now closed, you can email your request through from the tender page by clicking on "Request Award Information" button and someone from our research team will then follow up with you.

Tools you can use

There are more tools integrated into our tender notifications that we know will help you stay ahead. Specifically, our site inspection, follow-up and closing date reminders, which offer timeous alerts. An area for notes directly relating to the tender or contacts you may have reached out to. Our document collection and/or site attendance on your behalf through Infomessenger. (Gauteng only)

Making the most of your tenders is quite an exhaustive topic...

Here are the common points for consideration :


It may be seemingly obvious, but a valuable subscription to Leads 2 Business is a smart, streamlined approach.
We shoulder the cost of a research team and send you what is important to your business. The number of filter combinations across categories, industries, geography and keywords creates a uniquely customised solution for your business lead pipeline. If you would like to know more about subscribing or taking a free trial, please send me an email on TarynD@L2B.co.za

Refine Your Profile

Making sure your profile on Leads 2 Business is tailored appropriately to your business requirements so that you get the lead information.

Your Advisory Settings Profile explicitly dictates what is received in the Daily Advisory email.

Steps to Action in Identifying opportunities

Go through the daily Advisory email thoroughly each day.

  • View the full details online.
  • Monitor & Request BoQ/ SI register/ Bidders Lists as soon as possible.
  • Set Reminders.
  • Email the researcher, if there are any discrepancies that you identify or if you need assistance.
  • Make Notes.
  • Download DTAs. (Daily Tender Advisory)
  • Keep a record of DTA numbers, instead of partial descriptions. This helps when searching.
  • Dismiss those unwanted DTAs, that are cluttering up your Search Result. (Be extra careful of dismissing DTAs by mistake)
  • Take advantage of our free online training, live support, telephonic support or in person training. (In person training is availble by appointment and only in selected areas)

Key Vocabulary to Understand:

  • Details Change:The details pertaining to the original tender have changed, please review the new details supplied in our notification.
  • Short Lead: This means there is a very short lead time or a very short time within which you can respond to this tender opportunity.
  • Awards: After the closing date, all the tenders are checked for basic compliance with the tender regulations. Non-compliant tenders are disqualified. The compliance of the products or services offered and the price is considered. Then all compliant tenders are listed in order of price. Those in the lowest price tender list are in the lowest price group. Preference points are given to suppliers on the list of lowest price tenders are first verified. Preference points are only awarded after the most expensive tenders have been excluded, as this makes the process faster and fairer. Those with verifiable information come out with the best preference points and are therefore awarded the contract.
  • Re-tenders: the issue of a second or subsequent request for tenders on a proposed contract.
  • Withdrawals: the contract has been withdrawn and there is no longer an opportunity to tender at this time.
  • Cancellations: the contract has been cancelled and there is no longer an opportunity to tender at this time.

About Taryn Duckham

I am a lover of marketing, customer centricity and the art of influence. Being able to effect this through analysis, content and front end design is part of my work, my great love of creatively solving problems that reach across as many parts of Leads 2 Business as I can.

Did you Know #DYK: What is a Private Project

posted in: Did You Know | 2

This is a vitally important question for companies in the construction industry, now more than ever!


A Private Project is a project which is funded by a private developer which can be a private individual or company as opposed to public or Governmental organisations. You will find that private projects tend to go ahead quicker as there is far less red tape to go through and no corrupt tender processes. These will include projects such as shopping centres, townhouse complexes, private hospitals and schools and the list goes on.

So, you ask…why is this so important?

Running the risk of giving my age away…I am an avid listener of talk radio, which has recently, educated me on just how broke the South African government currently is. Now, of course, we all have opinions on how the government uses our taxes, and that is a whole different blog for a whole different day, but how does this all affect us in the construction industry?

There are a lot of people that I have been speaking to in the construction industry that will tell you that ‘No tenders are being awarded’… and this is exactly the problem that we are facing. Even though work needs to be done, and tenders may even be issued, the actual awarding of Governmental and/or Municipal projects is happening even slower than it used to due to no available budget. This, in turn, means that a lot of companies that rely heavily on public projects are not receiving as much, if any, work as they used to, and let’s face it, there’s not an awful lot that the average South African can do to change this.

Companies do still have the option to focus their attention on Private Projects but what you do need to know is that they work very differently than public projects.

A Private Developer will purchase land with the intention of developing that land, they will have to go through all the regular processes such as EIA, rezoning etc. They will also appoint a professional design team which will include Project Managers, Architects, Quantity Surveyors and so on. The consulting team will draw up the plans and specifications and once they are ready to go ahead a contractor will be appointed and they can start building from there…no big differences yet? Oh! But there are!

Private Projects very rarely go to open tender (and open tender being where the company publishes the tender out into the media allowing anyone to tender), instead, they will be invited or negotiated. This is not only for the contractors or sub-contractors but even for the consultants


How do I get invited?

This really comes down to who you know, at the end of the day.  Think of it this way, if you have R10 000.00 and you want to buy a washing machine, are you going to call the first person you find on Gumtree and make an EFT to them and then wait for delivery? Of course not, you will more than likely go to somewhere you know, such as Makro, for instance. If you ask yourself why you do this, I am sure the answer will be that you trust them…mostly. If there is an issue you can take it back, if they don’t deliver when they say they will you can hold them accountable.

This works the same for Private Construction Projects. People will always trust people they know more than someone that has perhaps only sent them an email in the past and when, at the end of the day, that person is responsible for making sure everything is done right, they will use service providers that they know they can trust or if something does go wrong, they want to make sure they can get it sorted out.

Anyone that wants to get involved in the project will need to contact the Developer or the key players (depending on what stage the project is at) in order to get invited. Trust me, if you are not meeting with the relevant people, you are very unlikely to be awarded any work from them. Everyone, even you, have your preferred suppliers, whether it be for your cell phone, clothing, medical aid; and I do not dispute that developers will have their preferred consultants, project managers, and contractors will have their preferred suppliers for materials or sub-contractors but this does not mean that you have no hope of becoming one of their preferred suppliers. The key is to make yourself known to them. Make sure they remember you!

As a Leads 2 Business subscriber, you are already a step ahead of everyone else. You know WHO you need to speak to, rather than starting at a receptionist in the hopes that they might know who in their company is busy with something that you are interested in.

During my years in sales, I have heard some outrageous ways to get to see the person they are wanting to meet, but at the end of the day you don’t need to do anything crazy, you just need to get them to realize that they need to see you. Business is tight for all companies now and competition is rife so be memorable.

We get you to the doorstep, you need to knock on the door. Opportunity does not find you, but it is waiting for you! Source




About Joanne Couto

I started with Leads 2 Business in April of 2013 as an Account Executive, was promoted in 2016 to Senior Account Executive, and then in March 2017, I became the Client Liaison Officer, where I now specialise in client retention and assisting the Sales Team in this regard. I believe whole heartedly in the service that we provide, knowledge is king!

Did you Know #DYK: Top 10 Green Heating & Cooling technologies

posted in: Did You Know | 0

Compared to the usual standard heating and cooling systems, going green is better for the environment helping to eliminate greenhouse gasses. Furthermore, these green systems also help people save money on their energy needs.


Below are some Green Heating and Cooling Technologies which are worth a mention:

1. Geothermal – Within the earth, there is a lot of heat in the form of hot water and steam. The deeper you go, the hotter it is. But you don’t have to go too deep to take advantage of this energy. A few feet below the surface, the temperature of the water remains constant all year round. Geothermal systems don’t tap straight into the earth’s heat, rather, geothermal homes use heat pumps to utilise the constant temperature of geothermal underground wells. The heat pumps contain a fluid, which could be either water or a refrigerant. When cold outside, the fluid absorbs the earth’s heat and brings it inside to warm the air. In summer, the heat exchange works the other way around thereby cooling the house.


2. Solar (Passive) – The sun is the ultimate provider of green energy, is constant, renewable and won’t run out anytime soon. Passive solar energy is simple, has little to no moving parts and requires minimal upkeep. Passive solar-energy systems are designed to use natural principals of heat transfer instead of machines such as furnaces and air conditioners. Passive solar technology uses the building’s walls, windows and floors to collect, store and release the sun’s energy. However, passive solar homes still need mechanical equipment, such as a forced-air system or radiant flooring to keep the temperatures cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The easiest passive solar design systems to install are called “direct gain”. In direct gain systems, sunlight passes through windows and then converted into thermal energy. The walls and floors directly absorb and store the heat energy. As long as the room temperature is high, the interior of the home will hold onto the heat. When the temperature drops at night, the stored heat radiates through the living space. Builders can also install plastic or metal water pipes inside a wall. When the sun hits the walls, the water in the pipes heat up and is then pumped throughout the house as a source of heat.


3. Solar (Active) – Solar cells contain photovoltaic materials, which convert sunlight directly into electricity. Solar cells capture tiny photons of light and release electrons. When these fast-moving electrons are captured, the result is an electric current that can be used to light a bulb or power a machine. That electricity can then be used to heat, cool and light a house. There’s one problem however, they convert only a percentage of sunlight into energy. In addition, such photovoltaic systems can be expensive. There are cheaper active solar heating systems on the market which use liquids, including water, or air. In these systems, the liquid or air is able to absorb the sun’s energy through a collector which then transfers the sun’s heat directly to the home or into a storage system where it is then dispersed throughout the house.


4. Biomass – This refers to energy which comes from living things, such as trees and plants. The energy from biomass is natural and renewable. The plants, or other organisms, absorb energy from the sun. Biomass heating systems take that stored energy and convert it into heat energy. Biomass is sustainable and cheaper than fuel oil, propane and natural gas. Modern large-scale biomass systems burn clean. For example, a woodchip system emits fewer pollutants than a wood stove. Biomass systems do not produce as much carbon dioxide as fossil fuels. When burned, fossil fuels release carbon that was once trapped inside earth. When biomass is burned, it releases only the carbon the plant would have released upon its death.


5. Biodiesel – Refers to a vegetable oil or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, soybean oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol producing fatty acid esters. Biodiesel is meant to be used in standard diesel engines and is thus distinct from the vegetable and waste oils used to fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used alone or blended with petrodiesel in any proportions. Biodiesel blends can also be used as heating oil. The so-called BioHeat blends contain 5 percent, 10 percent or 20 percent biofuel mixed with heating oil. Can be used in an oil furnace. BioHeat releases fewer pollutants.


6. Ice-powered Air Conditioners – A new company called Ice Energy has developed a system which converts water to ice and then uses the ice to cool refrigerant instead of the unit’s compressor. The way it works: At night, the unit freezes 450 gallons (1,703.81 litres) of water by circulating refrigerant through a system of copper coils. The water that surrounds the coils turns to ice, which is then stored. As temperatures rise the next day, the existing air conditioning unit stands down and the ice, rather than the air conditioning unit’s compressor, cools the hot refrigerant, which keeps the building temperature nice and comfortable and cuts overall energy consumption by about 30 percent


7. Hydronic Heating Systems – Hydronic Heating systems are the use of a liquid heat-transfer medium in heating and cooling systems. The working fluid is typically water, glycol or mineral oil. Some of the oldest and most common examples are steam and hot-water radiators. Nowadays, hydronic heating systems are more sophisticated and use hot water piped through tubes that run under floorboards, through radiators or along base boards. In hydronic systems, boilers heat liquids using solar energy and geothermal energy. Most of these boilers heat water, but some systems warm other liquids, such as antifreeze. The liquid is pumped through plastic tubing into a heat exchanger, such as a radiator. In a hydronic system, heat is transferred in three ways: conduction, convection and radiation. During conduction, heat energy moves from object to object, such as a spoon in a pot of hot water. When you touch the spoon you can feel it get warm. Radiation is the transfer of energy through electromagnetic waves. You can feel heat radiation from a heat lamp. Boiling water is an example of convection. During convection, warm water rises while the cooler water sinks.


8. Absorption Heating and Cooling Systems – These are not driven by electricity, but by solar power, geothermal power or natural gas, with natural gas being the most common fuel. Absorption heat pumps work just like any other heat pump. There are however, two main differences. First, the absorption heat pump is driven by a natural gas burner instead of electricity. The second difference is that absorption pumps use a water-ammonia solution instead of a refrigerant. During the winter, that solution absorbs the earth’s heat and the pump moves the heated liquid into the house to warm the air. In the summertime, the heat exchange works in reverse.


9. Green Coal – Coal might seem like one of the environment’s worst enemies. Coal contains 25 to 90 percent carbon, which, when burned, creates noxious greenhouses gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur and nitrogen oxide which are responsible for global warming. Using a process called gasification, scientists found a way to use the carbon in coal to strip oxygen from water, which produces clean-burning hydrogen gas for fuel. That gas can then be used to run a turbine, which produces electricity. The emissions from the process are then pumped underground, while other pollutants are converted into solids that can be burned. Therefore “Gasification” uses the carbon in the coal to bond to the oxygen in the water, which produces hydrogen, a clean-burning fuel. Waste is solid, and can then be buried


10. Wind Power – We all know that wind can generate power, but did you know that you can harness the power of wind to generate heat and you don’t even need a huge windmill in your backyard to make it work. The only requirement is enough wind to spin magnets, which heats a copper plate, which in turn heats the water. Unlike other water heaters that use electrical heating elements or open flames, the wind turbine is completely sustainable and can be bolted to a home’s rooftop, or some other location where the wind blows. The key is that there needs to be enough wind to spin the turbine.


Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Source: http://www.jimlavalleeplumbing.com/news/top-10-green-heating-and-cooling-technologies/


About Liesel Du Preez

My journey with Leads 2 Business started in August 2005 in the Africa Tender Department, where I researched and uploaded Africa Tender Notifications. Once the Africa Tender Department had grown I was then promoted to Customer Relations in the IT Department in January of 2010, assisting subscribers and staff with any problems they may encounter or with any queries they may have.

Did you Know #DYK: Types of Air Conditioning systems: Window, split, packaged and central

posted in: Did You Know | 0
Before we get into the different types of air-conditioning, let’s establish what Air-conditioning is.

An air-conditioning system or also known as a standalone air conditioner provides cooling and humidity control for all parts of a building. Air conditioned buildings often have sealed windows, if windows are left open this would work against the systems which are intended to maintain constant indoor air conditions. The fresh air from outside generally draws into the system by a vent into the indoor heat exchanger section, creating positive air pressure.


Different types of Air- conditioning systems

1. Ductless Mini Split Air Conditioners

A Ductless, mini split-system air-conditioner has numerous potential applications in residential, commercial and institutional buildings. The most common one of all the applications is the multifamily housing, or as a retrofit add-on to house “non-ducted” heating systems, such as hydronic (hot water), radiant panels and space heaters. They are also a good choice for room additions and small apartments, where extending or installing distribution ductwork (central air-conditioner or heating system) is not feasible.


What are the Advantages

The main advantages of the mini splits are that they are small in size and have flexibility for zoning or heating and cooling individual rooms. Most models can have up to four indoor air handling units (four zones or rooms) connected to one outdoor unit. This number depends on how much heating and cooling is required for the building or each zone (this depends on how well the building is insulated). Each zone then has its own thermostat, so that means that you would only need to condition that particular space when it is conditioned. Which therefore means – SAVING ENERGY = SAVING MONEY
These units are easy to install, they hook up to the outdoor and indoor units, this generally requires a three inch (± 8cm) hole through a wall of the conduit. Most manufacturers of this type of system can provide a variety of lengths of connecting conduits. Therefore you can locate the outdoor unit as far away as 50 feet (± 15meters) from the indoor evaporator. This makes it possible to cool rooms on the front side of a building or house with the compressor in a more advantageous or inconspicuous place on the outside of the building.


What are the Disadvantages:

The primary disadvantage of a mini split is their cost – some systems cost between R19,500 – R 20,000. This is about 30% more than central systems (excluding ductwork) and may cost twice as much as window units of similar capacity.
The installer then needs to also correctly size each indoor unit and judge the best location for its installation. Over-sized or incorrectly located air-handlers often result in short-cycling, which wastes energy and does not provide proper temperature or humidity control. Too large a system is also expensive to buy or operate.


2. The split air-conditioner

The split air conditioning has at least one unit that sits inside your room. The compressor sits outside of the room – sometimes on the ground or on a bracket that hangs on the wall. Most models come with multiple indoor units, where you use one single compressor, this is known as the multi-split air conditioning system.

A split air conditioner consists of two main parts: The outdoor unit and the indoor unit.

The outdoor unit is installed on or near a wall outside of the room or space you wish to cool. The unit houses the compressor, condenser coil and the expansion coil or the capillary tube. This sleek-looking indoor unit contains the cooling coil, a long blower and an air filter.



3. Central air-conditioner

The central air-conditioner is a method of structural cooling in which a centralised unit cools and dehumidifies air before circulating it throughout the building. This is known as a direct contrast with systems that rely on individual units in rooms or suites of rooms. Central air is also bundled with a heating system. They both rely on similar amounts of electrical power and ductwork to distribute cooled or heated air. This type of air-conditioning is usually found in large structures or in homes that are in extremely hot or humid climates.
In the central air, the main unit is often located outdoors or in an isolated area of the building because a great deal of noise is generated during the refrigeration cycles that cool the air and help to extract humidity. Each unit connects to the ductwork that runs throughout the building with blowers pushing cold air out of the ducts to cool down rooms. This air conditioner also vents to the outdoors to get rid of excess heat and moisture.



4. Window AC

Unlike the Central Air, the Window AC units cool specific spaces or rooms at a time. They are more energy efficient as they don’t run throughout the house constantly, and you can focus on the areas that need to be cooled instead of cooling your whole home.
The window air unit is installed in an open window. Interior air is cooled as a fan blows it over the evaporator. On the exterior, the heat drawn from the interior is dissipated into the environment as a second fan blows outside air over the condenser. Large house or buildings could have several such units, requiring each room to be cooled separately.
A window air conditioner is also referred to as a room air conditioner. This is the simplest form of an air conditioning system that is mounted on the windows or walls.


Difference between a Split and Window AC

Window AC and Split AC,both work on the same principal, but they have different capacities. Both are used for different places.
A split AC, divided into two parts, thus has a large capacity, therefore making it ideal for large offices and big rooms. When looking at the window AC this is one unit, this is suitable for a small room only. Window AC creates noise and the split unit is calmer. The Window AC is smaller that the Split AC.
The Window AC is easy to install whereas the Split AC needs to be connected to the exterior and interior unit through rubber tubes and this also may cause trouble.
If you are wanting to install a window AC, a window is required, but should you want to install a split AC, the interior would need to be connected to a small hole in the wall.
When relocating the Window AC is a good choice as it does not need to be installed by a professional.


In conclusion, both units work on the same principles, the split AC is ideal for large space, as they have more capacity and Window AC is an ideal choice for a small room. Additionally, a split AC would need to be installed by a professional and a window AC can be installed by you and me.

About Audene Harris

I started working at Leads 2 Business in August 2014 in the Telesales Department as an Accounts Co-coordinator. I am extremely privileged to be apart of a dynamic Sales team and an empowering Company. I am a very out-going person with many characteristics, and love to help when a client needs any assistance.

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