Tips for Blasting

Tips for Blasting
Blasting

Firstly we need to know what blasting is. It is a technically controlled, effective and safe way to break rock for excavation. It is primarily used in Civil Engineering, Mining and Quarrying for roads and dam construction.

What explosives are used for blasting?

It is a common misconception that dynamite or gunpowder are used for most blasting activities but it is rather the engineered blasting agents that account for approximately 90% of explosive material used.
Ammonium Nitrate mixed with either sodium nitrate or calcium nitrate is the most common product and pound for pound the more effective explosive.

 

What is involved in Blasting?

• Holes are drilled into the rock and filled with explosives. The more solid the rock the more explosives will be needed.
• Proper ventilation is required to remove not only the dust but also the combustion gases from the explosion. This needs to be done before work can be resumed.
• The rock then collapses once detonation takes place.
• The debris is removed and if need be reinforcing is put in place before further work takes place.
• The entire blast lasts up to 1 second.

Blasting

Steps to be considered before blasting takes place:

• Fragmentation desired – take into consideration size of digging equipment and crushing equipment needed on the project.
• Rock quality/character – state of the area being blasted, is the rock hard or soft and is the area dry or wet.
• Site limitations – is the area to be blasted near other structures or properties.
• Safety limitations – are there any electrical hazards
• Equipment limitations – are all equipment needed for the project available

 

Random facts about blasting

• Blasting is now considered routine work in the mining industry.
• Geological or Geotechnical knowledge is needed to ensure effectiveness and safety.
• Blasting involves design and patterns, not just “blowing” stuff up…
• The result of rock blasting is often called rock cut.
• Mining and Construction are the 2 most common uses for explosives.

Blasting

 

Sources:
www.wikipedia.org/wiki
www.railsystem.net
www.miningandblasting.wordpress.com

 

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About Karen Garner-Savory

I started working at Leads 2 Business in May 2009, and have served as Head of Department of Telesales and Administration from 2010 until the present. I oversee both the Telesales department as well as the Administration of our Johannesburg Office.

Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation

Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation

Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation

1. An entire Mosque discovered in apartment during renovations:
Palermo, Italy. When the owners of the apartment in Via Porta di Castro bought the apartment, they started with renovations. They intended to knock down a wall to open the area, but discovered that the plaster was wet and when they cleaned the wet area, they found Arabic writing. The writing covered all four walls and the inscriptions are in gold and silver. The couple have left the mosque as they found it, not wanting to destroy history.
Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation
2. £50k jackpot in rare tiles found by demolition man:
Southbourne, Dorset. When Stephen Malton was contracted to tear down the home of Victorian artist, Arthur Bell, he never expected to find a fortune in Delft tiles. Due to the eagle eye of his foreman, the tiles were saved from destruction as he stopped the team while they were pulling down a wall behind the fireplace, where the tiles were hidden. Due to a clause in his contract, Stephen has the right to keep any treasure found during the demolition process. This find is estimated to bring him £50 000.
Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation
3. Letter To Santa Claus From 1943 Found In A Chimney:
United Kingdom. A young boy’s letter to Santa was discovered during the demolition of the chimney of a 1930’s house. The letter asked simply for a Rupert Annual, slippers, a silk tie, a pencil box, chalk, soldiers and Indians. Lewis Shaw, the builder whose crew discovered the letter, decided to find the author of the letter and make his wishes come true. He connected with David Haylock (who wrote the letter when he was six), and David was very excited to receive his Christmas wish from 1943.
Unusual Finds During Demolition, Excavation and Renovation
4. Bethel Church (1905) demolition leads to time capsule extraction:
Chicago, Illinois. During the demolition of the Ingleside Community Church of the Nazarene, extra care was taken during the removal of a cornerstone column. A time capsule was extracted and opened – a Tetley tea tin, containing religious documentation in Danish (or possibly Norwegian) and two U.S. pennies from 1899 and 1901. It is believed the capsule was added to the cornerstone by L.A. Larson, the presiding elder and person who built the church.
5. A Mysterious Discovery halts Demolition of House:
Middletown, Pennsylvania. A hidden room and tunnel were discovered after a crew knocked out a wall during the demolition of a home. The local historical society visited the site due to the age of the building. They advised that it might have been part of the Underground Railroad and used as a speakeasy during Prohibition.
6. Pictures taken of “Mannequin” by Demolition Crew, only to discover it is a dead body:
Merriam, Kansas. The disturbing discovery of a dead body was made by a demolition crew when a load of trash was picked up to move. Initially they thought it was a mannequin and started taking photos, while laughing. Then, the stench got to them and they called 911. Demolition was halted while investigators determined whether it was a homicide.
7. Convent Rubble Yields Priceless Relic:
Christchurch, New Zealand. A large antique safe concealed at the back of the altar of the under-deconstruction Nazareth House convent in Christchurch was found by Paul King, Graceworks Demolition and Recycling boss, while he was working in the chapel. The caretaker managed to find a key that fit the lock and when they opened the safe, they discovered a sacred ceremonial monstrance. Paul returned the monstrance to the nuns who had been living there at the time of the earthquake and they were overjoyed.
8. Stripping of Cottage Wall leads to Discovery of 400-year-old Mummified Cat:
Devon, United Kingdom. A mummified cat was discovered when builders stripped a wall in the bathroom of a house in Ugborough. It is believed that years ago, cats were put behind walls to ward off evil spirits and witches. Richard Parson, the owner of the house, has indicated that the cat will be placed back in the wall after the renovations are complete.
9. Demolition of Abandoned home leads to Surprising Treasure:
Saint Cloud, Florida. During the demolition of a dilapidated home that had been abandoned by the owner(s), silver coins started pouring out of the windows of the house. The coins were gathered up by the crew and they found that there were 202 dimes, a few nickels, over a thousand quarters and 861 half-dollars. These coins had been hidden in the walls of the house in jars and the oldest coin was dated to 1917. The coins were handed to the city of Saint Cloud.
10. Treasure Hidden in Cooler Box:
Johannesburg, South Africa. While digging up a six meter trench for a drainage system near a building in 10th Avenue, Rodgers Nkuna discovered a mud-spattered blue and white cooler box. The police were notified and when they opened it, they discovered R20 and R50 notes, estimated to a value of R1.5 million. It is unknown how long the cooler box had been buried there.

 

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Sources:
HTTP://WWW.ANSAMED.INFO/ANSAMED/EN/NEWS/SECTIONS/CULTURE/2013/08/27/PALERMO-MOSQUE-DISCOVERED-DURING-HOME-RENOVATIONS_9205871.HTML
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3246619/Demolition-man-unearths-50-000-rare-tiles-hidden-fireplace-called-knock-artist-s-house.html
https://www.yahoo.com/news/letter-to-santa-found-in-chimney-wall-fulfilled-72-184511409.html
https://www.today.com/news/78-year-old-man-reunited-santa-letter-he-wrote-boy-t61511
HTTPS://WWW.URBANREMAINSCHICAGO.COM/NEWS-AND-EVENTS/2018/02/02/UNUSUAL-TIME-CAPSULE-EXTRACTED-FROM-BETHEL-CHURCH-DURING-BUILDINGS-DEMOLITION/
https://www.theblaze.com/news/2014/05/27/a-construction-crew-demolishing-a-home-was-forced-to-stop-after-a-very-mysterious-discovery

Demolition crew takes pictures of “mannequin” only to find it is a dead body

http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/christchurch-earthquake-2011/8113672/Priceless-relic-found-in-convent-rubble
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/5200089/400-year-old-mummified-cat-found-in-walls-of-cottage.html
http://yournationnews.com/construction-workers-find-surprising-treasure-during-demolition-of-abandoned-home/
https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/mud-covered-treasure-box-found-in-edenvale-436810

Photo Credits:
Mosque, Palermo, Italy – Photo by Franco Lannino
Bethel Church, Chicago – Photo by Eric J. Nordstrom

 

 

About Cecile Van Deventer

I joined the L2Q Team in 2006, as a L2Q Support Assistant and have been the HOD since 2010. I supervise L2Q Bills, Daily Tender Bills, Control Lists and Directory.

Demolition 101 – Facts & Misconceptions

posted in: Did You Know | 2

Demolition 101 – Facts & Misconceptions

Demolition 101

Demolition for me has always sounded like one of the coolest jobs!!!
Being allowed to blow up things every day…that must be great for treating anxiety.
However, I have come to learn that it isn’t all excitement and explosions and is a rather intricate business. So, I thought I would find out what the biggest myths about demolition are:

Demolition 101

1. Demolition is just blowing up buildings – In fact implosions only account for less than 1% of all demolitions

2. Demolition is bad for the environment – The truth is the contrary. Demolition contractors remove harmful materials and toxins from old buildings in order to dispose of them correctly i.e. Asbestos. They clean up hazardous substances and are in fact Environmental Superheroes.

4. Demolition contractors destroy historical buildings that should be protected – In fact demolition contractors can assist in restoring these buildings by removing the harmful materials and making way for energy efficient upgrades to these buildings.

5. Demolition overcrowds land fill sites with debris and waste products – Demolition has actually been one of the most “Green” practices before it was fashionable. Contractors will salvage as much as possible from an old building for reuse or recycling where possible.

6. Demolition is expensive – Demolition only accounts for a tiny fraction of an entire project. Averaging somewhere around 2% of replacing a building.

 

Demolition 101

So, you will see that Demolition is in fact a vital, environmentally necessary and an extremely dangerous job which is often underrated by most. When they do get to implode buildings, it requires intense planning as the safety of their workers, the public in close proximity as well as the surrounding buildings are safe.

They often work in some of the least safe conditions in buildings that have been condemned yet some people might not initially see the point of hiring a demolition contractor…how hard can it be right? Its not as easy as some may perceive, get the experts in! This is a serious business, hiring the right people for the job can save you by having the job done right and taking the necessary precautions.

They can guide you at the beginning of the project of everything that is required before you start, you don’t want to be held liable for damage to others property or the surroundings.

 

Sources:
https://www.quora.com/Why-do-we-hire-a-demolition-contractor
http://www.demolition.com

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About Joanne Couto

I started with Leads 2 Business in April of 2013 as an Account Executive, was promoted in 2016 to Senior Account Executive, and then in March 2017, I became the Client Liaison Officer, where I now specialise in client retention and assisting the Sales Team in this regard. I believe whole heartedly in the service that we provide, knowledge is king!

Fundamental Building Blocks to Building an Empire

Fundamental Building Blocks to Building an Empire

Building an Empire

So, when I hear empire, the first word that comes to mind is SUCCESS. Starting something successful from the ground up. I’ll list but a few steps on how to achieve this, but the power starts with YOU!

1. PLAN. You’ve had this revolutionary business concept in the back of your mind for 2 years, what do you do? You make it a reality! But now comes the tricky part, where do I start? Research and just a little more research, how many concepts are there like mine? Do I have any restrictions? What will be the biggest competition? Ask yourself all those questions. Weigh out the pros and cons. Create a detailed plan so that you know exactly what you need to do to achieve this empire.

Building an Empire

2. WHY? If you don’t have a purpose or belief in yourself when you decide to start a business, then you should ask yourself, why you are really doing this? Your mind is a powerful thing and any great success story starts with somebody believing they can and also believing that what they are about to do, will make an impact or difference no matter how small.

3. BUILD. Now we all know so much can go wrong in a business due to way too many factors, but if you make a provision for the “what if” moments you might save yourself a lot of energy and disappointment. The aim is to build on top of the capital you already have for those moments, and yes it’s not easy, but make sure that you save on all the necessary things. Set a realistic budget in place and remember to start small. The greatest things are achieved from the smallest concepts.

4. BALANCE. We need to understand everything has to have a balance, between work and personal. Make sure to focus equally on both. We so easily lose focus on our personal lives because we are determined to come out on top, but what happens when you do face those difficult battles? You will have to face them on your own because you would have lost your support system. Regardless of who they are, they will be there when you feel you’ve got nowhere left to turn.

5. NEVER GIVE UP! Even when you feel like nothing has worked out according to plan and it might start failing. Think back to why you started this venture in the first place. An offer may come along that sounds appealing and would rescue you, but are you prepared to give up what you worked so hard to achieve?

 

Always remember to keep those values and reasons as to why you started this journey.

 

 

Sources:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/ericwagner/2014/01/14/10-rules-to-build-a-wildly-successful-business/#2517388d1b96

 

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To view notes with screenshots on how to use our website, please visit our Wiki site.
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How to build customer relationships in your business

How to build customer relationships in your business

Building Customer Relationships is one of the most important things for your business… How do customer relationships drive your business?

Powerful relationships don’t just happen from a onetime meeting or networking event. You need a plan of action to make those connections grow and work for you and your company.

Let’s take a look at a few fundamental steps in order to achieve this.

1. BUILD YOUR NETWORK
➔ Turn contacts into clients.
➔ Add value to the relationship.
➔ Exceed clients’ expectations by under promising and over delivering.
➔ Form personal relationships.

 

2. COMMUNICATION IS KEY
➔ Relationships have a short shelf life. No matter how great your first impression on someone is, no one will remember everyone they meet.
➔ Make contact immediately by setting a follow email or message and stay in touch. No one can forget someone they hear from often, eventually they will remember you and when they need your services, you will be the first one they think of.

 

3. MARKETING
➔ Your brand and marketing make a promise about customer experience and your service/product, so it is crucial to deliver on that.
➔ Build your relationship. Offer interesting and exciting services/products and information.
➔ Entice clients, leave them wanting more.

 

4. REWARD LOYAL CLIENTS
➔ By giving back to loyal clients you encourage them to continuously work with you.
➔ Stay in touch, follow up on services and offer specials.
➔ If you do not keep in touch, your competitors will.
➔ Serving is the new selling.

 

5. REFFERALS/ WORD OF MOUTH
➔ With happy clients come referrals, Word-of-mouth advertising is important for every business, as each happy customer can steer dozens of new ones your way.
➔ The greatest compliment in business is a referral. We should be thoughtful, have the right motives and be connecting people for the right reasons.

6. REMEMBER, RELATIONSHIPS ARE BUILT OVER TIME
➔ It takes a dedicated amount of time and energy to build good, strong, lasting business relationships today. They don’t happen and develop without dedicated and consistent work.
➔ The most important thing is to be conscious of the service/product you are delivering and to deliver it consistently.
➔ Trust is the one ingredient that builds strong, long lasting business relationships. If you put in the time and work, you will be rewarded.

 

Sources:
https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/77686
https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/282364
https://www.wikihow.com/Develop-a-Relationship-With-a-Customer
https://www.bdc.ca/en/articles-tools/marketing-sales-export/marketing/pages/importance-building-customer-relationships.aspx
https://www.crazyegg.com/blog/customer-relationships-boost-retention
https://www.business.com/articles/6-key-tactics-for-building-strong-customer-relationships

 

If you are interested in becoming one of our subscribers, please visit our website.
To view notes with screenshots on how to use our website, please visit our Wiki site.
To view more articles, please visit our blog.

About Candice Van Aswegen

I started working for Leads 2 Business in May 2012 as an Account Co ordinator and more recently the Deputy Head of Department for the Telesales team. I schedule appointments for the Account Executives with potential clients.

Alternative Marketing

posted in: Did You Know | 0

Alternative Marketing

Alternative Marketing

Firstly let’s start off with a definition for Advertising and Marketing:

Advertising:
Is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea?

Marketing:
Defined as “the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large.” The term developed from the original meaning which referred literally to going to market with goods for sale. Marketing is a set of processes that are interconnected and interdependent with other functions of a business aimed at achieving customer interest and satisfaction

And now for the Difference between Advertising and Marketing:
Marketing and advertising are fuzzy disciplines to begin with. Advertising is just one component, or subset, of marketing. Public relations, media planning, product pricing and distribution, sales strategy, customer support, market research and community involvement are all parts of comprehensive marketing efforts. As you market your company and its products or services, keep in mind all the facets that work together to constitute marketing:
A simple concept by definition, if not execution, marketing is every way you touch a prospect or customer. That includes tools such as paid advertising, and it also includes dozens of smaller variables, everything from how your receptionist answers the phone, to how an order is fulfilled, to the positive or negative buzz about your product.

What is Alternative Marketing/Advertising?
Alternative advertising and marketing makes use of media strategies that are different to traditional methods, in order to reach a targeted audience.

 

Examples of Alternative Marketing/Advertising:

– Segway advertising with pictures or videos
– Social Media Advertising (Digital)
– Train or bus advertising
– Video Trucks
– Sand Advertising
– Sky Writing
– Street Decals
– Bicycle seat adverts
– Flash Mobs
– Graffiti Adverts
– Adverts on plastic packets
– Interactive (like the Velcro bus stop for Coca-Cola)
– Ambassadors
and a whole host more, you just need to use your imagination and think outside of the box.

Traditional Advertising:

Pros:
– You can easily reach your target local audience
– The materials can be kept.
– It’s easy to understand
– Direct mail was easier to process mentally and tested better for brand recall.

Cons:
-There is very little interaction between the medium used and the customers.
-Print or radio advertisements can be very costly.
-Results on this marketing strategy cannot easily be measured.

 

Digital Advertising (Alternative):
Pros:
– You can target a local audience, but also an international one.
– Your audience can choose how they want to receive your content.
– Interaction with your audience is possible.
– Digital marketing is cost-effective.
– Data and results are easily recorded
– Level playing field
– Brand Development
– Viral

How can we use both Digital & Traditional Marketing?
Traditional marketing methods support digital marketing efforts. The two do not operate in exclusion from each other. Use hard copy marketing materials to further strengthen a relationship with a contact, referral partner or client.
You don’t have to invest in television or radio ads, but you can give brochures to someone who is interested in your services.

To end off -there are some really catchy adverts and marketing going around and there is no better time for the alternative than NOW!

 

If you would like to advertise your company on our website please do not hesitate to contact me on +27 (0)33 343 1130 or SallyN@L2B.co.za

 

Sources:
http://www.marketingprofs.com/2/mccall5.asp
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advertising
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marketing
http://altermark.blogspot.co.za/2013/05/examples-and-categories-of-guerilla.html
https://www.digitaldoughnut.com/articles/2016/july/digital-marketing-vs-traditional-marketing

 

If you are interested in becoming one of our subscribers, please visit our website.
To view notes with screenshots on how to use our website, please visit our Wiki site.
To view more articles, please visit our blog.

About Sally Nell

I joined Leads 2 Business in November 2011. I started in the Daily Tenders department and later moved to the Directory Department in May 2014.

10 Largest Metro Systems In The World

posted in: Did You Know | 2

10 Largest Metro Systems In The World

There are over 165 distinct systems that can be referred as metro system, subway systems or underground systems. Their size can be measured by a number of factors – number of users, total length of rails or number of stations. The below being some of the world’s largest metro systems:

1. New York City Subway, NYC, United States
• Total Stations: 472 stations – (424 if stations connected by transfers are counted as single stations) of stations.
• Total Length: The NYC subway has a total length of 373 km (232mi) – 4th in the world. Overall, the system contains 236 miles (380 km) of routes, translating into 665 miles (1,070 km) of revenue track; and a total of 850 miles (1,370 km) including non-revenue trackage.
• Interesting Facts: Opened in 1904, the New York City Subway is one of the world’s oldest (8th oldest to be exact), public transit systems, one of the world’s most used metro systems, and the metro system with the most stations.
• Users: 1.7 billion riders every year

 

2. Paris Métro, Paris, France
• Total Stations: 303 stations (62 of which have transfers between lines)
• Total Length: It’s 303 stations spread over 214 km (133 mi). The Métro has 214 kilometres (133 mi) of track and 303 stations, 62 connecting between lines, not including the RER network.
• Interesting Facts: The Paris Métro opened in 1900 making it the 5th oldest metro system in the world. The system expanded quickly until the First World War and the core was complete by the 1920s.
• Users: Over 1.5 billion riders every year

3. Madrid Metro, Madrid, Spain
• Total Stations: 300 stations
• Total Length: With almost the same number of stations as Paris and even a larger total length – 293 km (182 mi). But on top of that is another 386 kilometers of suburban rail services.
• Interesting Facts: The Madrid Metro was first opened in 1919. The Madrid Metro has 1,698 escalators, the most of any system in the world and has 522 elevators. The underground stations are so huge that they can hold public events, such as the three-day fitness festival in May 2011, which attracted 2,600 visitors. One station contains a 200-square-meter archaeological museum.
• Users: 500 million riders every year – least number of riders between all the metro systems listed

 

4. Seoul Subway, Seoul, South Korea
• Total Stations: 296 stations
• Total Length: It has total length of 327.0 km (203.2 mi)
• Interesting Facts: TheSeoul Subway opened much later than the previous systems – in 1974. Seoul’s metro system has TV’s, heated seats, cell phone service and are climate controlled. Its first metro line, Line 1, started construction in 1971 and opened in 1974, with through-operation to Korail suburban railways. Today, the network is one of the largest and most efficient urban railway systems in the world, with 331.5 km (206.0 mi) of track on lines 1–9 alone; wireless and internet service on all trains; and platform screen doors at the majority of stations. It also has real-time train information at every station.
• Users: Second largest number of riders of over 2.5 billion every year

 

5. London Underground (“The Tube”), London, England
• Total Stations: 270 stations
• Total Length: It is the third longest system with 400 km (250 mi).
• Interesting Facts: The famous London Tube first opened as an “underground railway” in 1863, but the first electric line opened in 1890 making it the world’s very first metro system. The Travelcard ticket was introduced in 1983 and Oyster, a contactless ticketing system, in 2003. Contactless card payments were introduced in 2014, the first public transport system in the world to do so. The system’s first tunnels were built just below the surface, using the cut-and-cover method; later, smaller, roughly circular tunnels which gave rise to its nickname, the Tube were dug through at a deeper level. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is actually underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface.
• Users: More than 1.2 billion every year

6. Shanghai Metro, Shanghai, China
• Total Stations: 393 stations
• Total Length: 644 km (400 mi)
• Interesting Facts: Considering it only opened in 1993, with full-scale construction extending back to 1986 (Shanghai Metro). Shanghai Metro is also one of the busiest systems in the world. On 16 October 2013, with the extension of Line 11 into Kunshan in Jiangsu province, Shanghai Metro became the first rapid transit system in China to provide cross-provincial service and the second intercity metro after the Guangfo Metro. Further plans to connect the Shanghai Metro with the metro systems of Suzhou are under active review, with the first line connecting Shanghai Metro Line 11 and Suzhou Metro Line 3 projected to be completed in 2023. Ambitious expansion plans call for 25 lines with over 1,000 km of length by 2025. By then, every location in the central area of Shanghai will be within 600 meters of a subway station.
• Users: Over 3.53 billion every year

 

7. Beijing Subway, Beijing, China
• Total Stations: 370 stations
• Length: 608.2 km (377.9 mi) [If not counting Xijiao Line, 599.4 km (372.4 mi)] • Interesting Facts: The Beijing Subway opened in 1969 and is the oldest metro system in mainland China. Before the system underwent rapid expansion since 2002, it only consisted of only two lines. The existing network still cannot adequately meet the city’s mass transit needs. Beijing Subway’s extensive expansion plans call for 999 km (621 mi) of lines serving a projected 18.5 million trips every day by 2021. The most recent expansion, which included a one stop extension of Fangshan Line and the opening of Xijiao Line, S1 Line and Yanfang Line came into effect on December 30, 2017. There are currently over 300 km of subway under construction in Beijing, including six new fully automated lines totaling up to 300 km (190 mi) in length using domestically developed communications-based train control systems. This could potentially create the longest fully automated subway network in the world.
• Users: Beijing Subway is the busiest metro system in the world with over 3.2 billion users every year

8. Mexico City Metro, Mexico City, Mexico
• Total Stations: 195 stations
• Total Length: spread over 226.5 km (140.7mi)
• Interesting facts: The first stage of construction (1967–1972) comprised the construction and inauguration of lines 1, 2 and 3. Ten of the lines are rubber-tyred; instead of traditional steel wheels, they use pneumatic traction, which are quieter and cope better with Mexico City’s unstable soils. The system survived the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Many stations are named for historical figures, places, or events in Mexican history. The Metro has figured in Mexico’s cultural history, as the inspiration for a musical composition for strings, “Metro Chabacano” and the 1982 Rodrigo “Rockdrigo” González’s 1982 song, “Metro Balderas.” It has also been a site for the 1990 Hollywood movie Total Recall. During the first stage of construction, workers uncovered two archaeological ruins, one Aztec idol, and the bones of a mammoth.
• Users: 1.6 billion riders every year.

 

9. Moscow Metro, Moscow, Russia
• Total Stations: 214 stations
• Total Length: 364.9 km (226.7 mi)
• Interesting Facts: The Moscow metro system opened in 1935 with one 11-kilometre (6.8 mi) line and 13 stations, it was the first underground railway system in the Soviet Union. As of 2018, the Moscow Metro excluding the Moscow Central Circle and Moscow Monorail has 214 stations and its route length is 364.9 km (226.7 mi), making it the sixth longest in the world. The Moscow metro is not just another metro system. The stations are known as “Underground palaces”. The beautiful underground structures are designed with care: with pictures on the walls, chandeliers hanging from the ceilings and more. The stations of the Moscow Metro are a major tourist attraction on their own. Some of the most beautiful stations are Komsomolskaya Metro Station, Kievskaya Metro Station, Prospekt Mira Metro Station, Park Pobedy Metro Station, Novoslobodskaya Metro Station, Mayakovskaya Metro station. The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section 84 metres (276 ft) underground at the Park Pobedy station, one of the world’s deepest.
• Users: Almost 2.5 billion people every year.

 

10. Tokyo Metro, Tokyo, Japan
• Total Stations: 179 stations
• Total Length: 195.1km (121.2mi) excluding the 8.3 km stretch between Wakoshi and Kotake-mukaihara shared with Yurakucho Line
• Interesting Facts: Tokyo Metro is operated by Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd., a private company jointly owned by the Japanese government and the Tokyo metropolitan government. The company replaced the Teito Rapid Transit Authority commonly known as Eidan or TRTA, on April 1, 2004. TRTA was administered by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and jointly funded by the national and metropolitan governments. It was formed in 1941, although its oldest lines date back to 1927 with the opening of the Tokyo Underground Railway the same year. According to the company, an average of 6.33 million people used the company’s nine subway routes each day in 2009, making the company a profit of ¥63.5 billion for that year.
• Users: The Tokyo Metro is used by 14 billion people every year

 

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City_Subway
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Metro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madrid_Metro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seoul_Metropolitan_Subway
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Underground
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shanghai_Metro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing_Subway
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico_City_Metro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Metro
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo_Metro

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About Liesel Du Preez

My journey with Leads 2 Business started in August 2005 in the Africa Tender Department, where I researched and uploaded Africa Tender Notifications. Once the Africa Tender Department had grown I was then promoted to Customer Relations in the IT Department in January of 2010, assisting subscribers and staff with any problems they may encounter or with any queries they may have.

The power of plant and equipment hire

posted in: Did You Know | 0

The power of plant and equipment hire.

The power of plant and equipment hire

As the South African economy is seeing renewed energy in economic growth in 2018 while under new leadership, the construction industry is poised for increased growth in the medium to long-term, which is now giving way to much needed increase in opportunities for the general contractor in the near future. As the industry awaits positive growth, competition for public and private projects is still the number one factor hindering the growth of small to medium businesses.

In such a highly competitive landscape, a general contractor knows that a successful bid is won or lost on their ability to price a bill of quantities accurately against other potential bidders. Yes, your experience on previous projects will count in your favor, but having accurate knowledge in costing building materials, labor and most importantly plant and equipment usage could be the key to your success in winning your next project or tender. A vast majority of contractors are now opting to rent, hire or lease expensive equipment over purchasing as this gives them the ability to be more versatile or agile in the types of jobs and projects they bid on as well as keeping their business overheads and startup costs lower on repayment, maintenance and storage of equipment that is not being utilized continuously.

If your business has the liquidity to purchase decent quality used equipment, that you know won’t become outdated, will be used continuously on upcoming projects and you can extract the value of owning the assets, then it still has its advantages to buy, but for many small to medium contractors and companies trying to break into new markets or bigger projects this will not be the case and hiring is your best and only option.

Key tips when deciding to hire plant equipment

Knowledge is key

Gone are the days were decades of experience gave you the competitive edge as the internet has neutralized that. Research the latest trends in new technology and equipment available, join forums and industry knowledge share groups online or blog websites, sign up to newsletter and become an expert in the field of machinery and equipment. Having a deep routed knowledge in what is happening in the market and what technology is available at your disposal and price at what it will cost you to hire will give you an advantage when costing your next job.

Build relationships

Source and locate plant and equipment hire specialists and conduct due diligence on all the suppliers you are interested in. Visit their premises, inspect their equipment and the age of the equipment and meet the owners if possible, as feeling comfortable and confident with the people and the company you are hiring from will give you confidence in your bids. Always find multiple suppliers in various areas as you will need to factor in transport and delivery costs to and from your job sites. Always check availability of equipment and machinery before bidding on work and having relationships with hire companies that have a range of choice is preferable. Building good working relationships will also give you much greater flexibility in negotiating rates for on future jobs with prospect of continuous cash flow for the hiring company.

Customer Service

A critical factor in the success of reaching deadlines on jobs is making sure that the company you hire from offers excellent customer service such as on-site or off-site training to machine operators and best practices for safety and inspections, as well as quick turnaround of servicing and repairs, or be able to swap out faulty equipment in order to continue with the work at hand. These factors will give you peace of mind as daily costs increase when a job has to stand still due to faulty or broken equipment and can critically impact your bottom line profits and hitting tight deadlines.

Get your paperwork in order

Make sure that that company you hire from, has the correct paperwork for the machinery and equipment you are hiring including insurance. Sometimes overlooked, but important to know what your liabilities will be in the event that any piece of equipment is destroyed or damaged on-site by one of your operators or employees.

As in most cases, there will be Pros and Cons in Buying or Renting Equipment for your next job, but when trying to scale your business effectively by bidding on bigger projects in various locations here is a recap on the advantages of hiring.

 Lower initial investments
 No maintenance or storage costs once the project is completed
 Access to broader range of equipment
 Use of the latest technology available
 On-site servicing and insurance handle by another party

 

Sources

The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Construction Equipment Rental

http://www.equipmentrentalpros.com/resources/construction-equipment-rental-guide.php

 

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About Storm Johnson

I started my journey with Leads 2 Business in 2016 after having a successful career in aviation. I have since found a passion for the construction industry and helping smaller companies break into the larger scale projects/tenders. I am a devoted Sales Executive based in beautiful Cape Town who truly believes Leads 2 Business is the future for any professional within the construction industry serious about growing to their maximum potential through well researched, up to date leads. Uniting one professional to another creating life long business relationships throughout the construction industry.

How is open planning design more energy efficient?

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How is open planning design more energy efficient?

Most of us have heard the term Open planning but what is it?

Open-planning allows air to flows from space to space with minimal barriers between the living areas or no barriers at all.

Did you Know?

Originally homes were designed and built to accommodate different rooms for different functions: the kitchen was for cooking, the dining room was for eating, and the living room was for gathering, entertaining, or relaxing. After World War II, the norm was that homeowners have houses with open floor plans.

Prior 20th Century traditional plan layout. Separate rooms closed in with walls and doors.

2018 Open plan design layouts.

Frank Taylor, mechanical engineer ignited the open plan concept in the workplace calling it the “Taylorism movement” which suggests that open planning design maximises industrial efficiency focusing on worker production only. This shift was massive but people were seen as robots and not human beings. Later with the help of architect Frank Lloyd Wright and the Burolandschaft an office that reflected both corporate image and gave way to people’s needs.

Taylorism open plan design.

Burolandschaft open plan design style.

Robert Propst invented the“ action office” cubicle that enhanced many companies liberation strategies with open planning design.

As the daily volcanic household cost of living increases, more and more people have joined the bandwagon trend in living a more eco- friendly and energy efficient lifestyle. Thus enabling big-time savings in their water and electricity bills and giving TLC back to our earth.

To date buyers are more aware of the long-term costs of electricity, in saying that energy efficient design can affect the value of property in the future.

Open planning influences energy efficiency through:

A. Natural Light

In a traditional closed floor plan design, you will come across certain rooms that are limited in receiving natural light from windows. Which therefore results in turning on all the lights like a christmas tree and consuming tons of energy. Open floor plan design lends itself to no walls or barriers, which unblock, allowing the spread of natural sunlight eliminating extra costs. In cooler climate places, the presence of added natural light also allows more heat into the building decreasing furnace costs. Sharing of natural light is also encouraged through open planning so each area receives.

B. Air Circulation

Air flow is maximized in an open plan design with open windows than a traditional design as walls impede air circulation making it hard for fresh air to travel into these separate spaces. Lack of airflow requires air-conditioning and ceiling fans to break through the stuffiness and hiking electricity costs.

C. Flexibility

With more space this allows home and building owners to be more flexible and creates opportunities to change up their living / working spaces to their liking and demands.

D. Reduced Square Footage

An open floorplan will be more spacious that a traditional plan
allowing one to cut down on their square footage. The smaller your
Space is the less energy it requires to heat or cool.

E. Socializing

Open floor planning gives way to open communication and interaction between people and employees and allows parents to keep watch over their children. Traffic flow in open spaces is also more viable.

Allandale Building , Midrand Gauteng
New energy efficient open plan building contributes to 30 % less energy.

The new Cuningham Group office, CA, USA

Factors enabling energy efficiency design in open planning:

1. Orientation

Position your home or office accordingly to climate and geo-graphical layout. Keep in mind wind, sun, heat and cooling factors when the architect designs.

2. Light colours

Choose light colours as they reflect heat and keep out heat whilst darker colour pallet absorbs heat.

3. Roof ventilation and insulation.

Roof tiles absorb heat in hot temperatures and re-radiate them into the building at night. When choosing tiles, opt for foil under them to reduce the slow release of heat into your space. Poorly ventilated roof space can lead to scorching temperatures.

4. Building materials

Glass – sunlight through glass windows become trapped like a greenhouse resulting in higher temperatures and illumination of` the space. Installing double glazed windows and doors.

Concrete floors and brick walls absorb heat from direct sunlight during the day to release it at night and absorb coolness though the night to reduce heat during the day.

5. Water

Choosing water saving features such as solar powered pumps, water tanks and grey water systems help aid in energy efficiency.

6. Landscapes & Plants

Certain Plants and trees can help create a cool zone. If you’re open plan home or office is stationed near a pool or water feature an advantage is that cool breezes pass over the pool and into your space.

Did you know plants genuinely give off cooler shade than shade structure due to their transpiration and evaporation of water from plants leaves?

Diagram showing factors to a more energy efficient home.

Sources:

https://www.ga.fr/en/newsroom/brief-history-open-plan-layout
https://www.theguardian.com/small-business-network/2015/oct/15/history-office-open-small-business-workplaces
http://fortune.com/2016/05/12/the-open-office-concept-is-dead/
https://www.makaan.com/iq/buy-sell-move-property/open-floor-plan-the-pros-and-cons
https://www.energy.gov/energysaver/energy-efficient-home-design

Green offices that keep staff healthy and happy are improving productivity & boosting businesses’ bottom line, finds WorldGBC report

The Transformation of Office Design

http://viewfinder.english-heritage.org.uk/search/reference.aspx?uid=212937&index=696&mainQuery=hospital&searchType=all&form=home

The history of office design

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/despina-katsikakis/the-case-for-healthy-offi_b_12674958.html
http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2006/Jul/24/ln/FP607240338.html
https://www.kritzingerarchitects.com/copy-of-french-school
http://www.travelandtradesouthafrica.com/2012/11/south-africas-masters-in-contemporary.html

Allandale Building – Waterfall City

http://www.home-designing.com/2012/02/sensational-doesnt-even-begin-to-describe-it/contemporary-open-plan-living-area
http://materialicious.com/2012/09/mill-valley-retreat-with-a-treehouse-feel-by-urrutia-design.html
https://www.lunchboxarchitect.com/featured/energy-efficiency-redhead-alterations/
https://officesnapshots.com/2013/11/08/cuningham-groups-culver-city-warehouse-offices/

 

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About Bronwyn Brown

Blue Sky Thinker ☾ Advertising & Design Manager Photography, Nature & Animal Lover❁

Why we love Green (and you should too)

posted in: Did You Know | 0

Why we love Green (and you should too)

Let’s start with a simple explanation of what green is.

“Going green means to pursue knowledge and practices that can lead to more environmentally friendly and ecologically responsible decisions and lifestyles, which can help protect the environment and sustain its natural resources for current and future generations.”

Let’s take a look at some reasons of why we love green:

  • In the long run, you are doing the right thing for the environment. You are creating a cleaner and brighter future for your children and generations after.
  • Anytime you choose to walk, ride a bike, or take public transportation, you reduce (or totally eliminate) the carbon dioxide and particulate emissions created by driving a gas- or diesel-powered car.
  • Cost saving is always a big positive when it comes to going green – this can be achieved by moving over to digital files instead of continuously using paper.
  • Healthier work places for employees is a benefit indeed. Not only do employees think higher of the company as well as the employer, they tend to work for the company a lot longer.
  • By not inhaling all the harmful emissions there would usually be, there tends to be a lot less health issues
  • Tax credits can actually be added by companies that join the going green initiative, this includes using more environmentally friendly products, solar energy and many more.

 

Consumer demand

A company that has made the choice of being green conscious tends to be more in demand not only by consumers but by investors as well. Simply for the facts that it reflects well on them that they are trying to make a difference.
When a company goes green they tend to save money on utility costs. This does not necessarily mean using solar energy alone, you can also replace normal light bulbs with an energy saving light bulb.

Going green tends to help a company’s public image as well.

People tend to talk more about the good a company is doing when it comes to going green. I am sure you would rather have consumers talk about your company in a positive light instead of being known as just another company harming the environment and not caring.
Insurance companies tend to favour green companies more than usual, if your company or home has gone green or is making an effort to do so, some insurance companies tend to offer you a discount on your premiums.

 

Here are some companies that also love green:

1) Greenfin Financial Services (They finance smaller households to acquire solar installations)
2) Coca Cola (Designed new cans that can save up to 15000 tons of aluminium a year)
3) Dell (Most of their packaging materials are recyclable)
4) Honda (Started making more hybrid models available to consumers)

When looking at all the different reasons & benefits of why we love green, I think it is safe to say it really is the better choice.

 

So go ahead and love green we definitely do!!

 

Sources:
http://www.worldwatch.org/resources/go_green_save_green
http://www.thrall.org/special/goinggreen.html

21 Good Reasons To Go Green

10 Leading Companies That Efficiently Went “Green”

 

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To view notes with screenshots on how to use our website, please visit our Wiki site.
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About Genevieve Smith

Genevieve Smith, I have been working at Leads 2 Business for just over a year now. I work in the Johannesburg office as an account coordinator.

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